Arabian


Arabian
Arab, Arabian, Arabic
1. These three terms refer to different aspects of Arabia and its people: Arab means a member of the Semitic people now inhabiting large parts of the Middle East and North Africa, and is also used as a quasi-adjective before a noun (the Arab people / Arab hopes / Arab philosophy); Arabian is an adjective having geographical reference to Arabia (the Arabian peninsula / an Arabian camel / Arabian fauna); and Arabic is a noun and adjective denoting a language (Do you speak Arabic? / Arabic literature).
2. Arabic is written with a capital initial in the expression Arabic numerals (the numbers 1, 2, 3, etc., as distinct from the Roman numerals I, II, III, etc.). It is written with a small initial in gum arabic, a type of gum exuded by African acacia trees.
3. The expression street Arab, first recorded in 1859, and for about a century commonly applied to a homeless child or other vagrant living on the streets, is now regarded as offensive and is rarely used.

Modern English usage. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Arabian — adjArabian, Arab, Arabic are not freely applicable to the same things and are, consequently, often a source of confusion. Arabian is used chiefly with reference to a place, the large peninsula in southwestern Asia which includes the modern… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • arabian — baboon; arabian camel (one humped dromedary); arabian coffee; arabian horse …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Arabian — Desert; Arabian Peninsula of Arabian Sea; inhabitant of Saudi Arabia also called Saudi (plural or singular) …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Arabian — A*ra bi*an, a. Of or pertaining to Arabia or its inhabitants. [1913 Webster] {Arabian bird}, the phenix. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Arabian — c.1300, adjective and noun; see ARAB (Cf. Arab) + IAN (Cf. ian). As a prized type of horse, it is attested from 1660s. The Arabian bird was the phoenix …   Etymology dictionary

  • Arabian — A*ra bi*an, n. A native of Arabia; an Arab. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Arabian — ► NOUN 1) historical a person from Arabia. 2) an Arab horse. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to Arabia or its people …   English terms dictionary

  • Arabian — [ə rā′bē əən] adj. of Arabia or the Arabs n. ARAB1 (senses 1 & 4) …   English World dictionary

  • Arabian — /euh ray bee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Arabia or its inhabitants. 2. Arab. 3. Arabic. n. 4. an inhabitant of Arabia. 5. an Arab. 6. See Arabian horse. [1350 1400; ARABI(A) + AN] * * * (as used in expressions) Arabian American Oil Company …   Universalium